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The strength behind a concept
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India is the Largest democracy, the 6th largest country, 10th largest economy and one of the most ancient and living civilizations in the world.

Although modern images & descriptions of India often show poverty, India was one of the richest countries till the time of British in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus was attracted by India's wealth and was looking for route to India when he discovered America by mistake. India has always been an example for the vast diversity existing in unity. Multi culture, religion, languages and ideologies do not make differences while viewing the country's unity. All states in the federal republic share resources and all Indians are receptive to all ideologies, without losing their self cherished beliefs. You can experience all sorts of climatic conditions and you will find nature in all forms, in this land, just as you find all kinds of people. India is truly a world by herself.

While looking into historical and scientific facts, one can see numerous interesting facts about this country. Obviously, there would be negative points as well. Here, you will find a list of some of those facts of curiosity, even for non-Indians.

Knowledge and Learning

The' place value system' and the 'decimal system' were developed in India. Aryabhatta invented Zero. Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.

Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. 

The value of "pi" was first calculated by the Indian Mathematician Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is today known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century. 

The World's first university was established in Takshila in 700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. 

A serious debate on the ownership of the pioneer of wireless communication is ongoing. IEEE considers Prof. Jagdish Chandra Bose in this debate against Marconi. 

The art of Navigation & Navigating was born in the river Sindh 6000 over years ago. The very word 'Navigation' is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived from the Sanskrit word 'Nou'. 

The 13th century poet saint Gyandev created the game of snakes & ladders. It was originally called 'Mokshapat.' The ladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices. The game was played with cowrie shells and dices. Later through time, the game underwent several modifications but the meaning is the same i.e good deeds take us to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-births.

Sanskrit is considered as the mother of all higher languages. This is because it is the most precise, and therefore suitable language for computer software. (Forbes magazine, July 1987)

Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was invented in India. 

Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India. Over 125 surgical equipments were used. Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts. 

Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The father of medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. 

Political & Monumentary

India is the Largest democracy in the world, the 6th largest country in the world and one of the most ancient and living civilizations (at least 10, 000 years old). India has over 1 million elected representatives working in local, state, and federal government. With an electorate exceeding 668 million people voting in 800,000 polling stations spread across widely varying geographic and climatic zones, the general election of India is undoubtedly the world's largest political event. A remarkable Constitution, well-developed democratic institutions and true participation by the people in social governance are the hallmarks of this democracy. Faith in the democratic process is nurtured as well as protected by an independent judiciary, an alert and free media and active non-governmental organisations.

The world's highest cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after leveling a hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level.

The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. It is located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan mountains. It was built by the Indian Army in August 1982.

The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in Saurashtra. 

According to the Gemological Institute of America, up until 1896, India was the only source for diamonds to the world. 

The World's First Granite Temple is the Brihadeswara temple at Tanjavur in Tamil Nadu. 

India has the most post offices in the world!

The largest employer in the world is the Indian railway system, employing over a million people !. 

India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years of history. 

India ranks as the world's 12th largest economy -- and the third largest in Asia behind Japan and China -- with total GDP of around $560 billion. India exports software to 90 countries.

Religion and Civilisation

The name `India' is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. The Aryan worshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu. The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name `Hindustan' combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of the Hindus. 

The four religions born in India, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world's population. Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism are the 3rd, 4th, and 5th largest religions respectively in the world today. Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C.E and 500 B.C.E respectively.

Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion.

There are 300,000 active mosques in India, more than in any other country including the Muslim world.

The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in the 10th century, is the world's largest religious pilgrimage destination, larger than either Rome or Mecca, with an average of 30,000 visitors every day giving donations to the temple of $6 million (U.S.) daily.

India is the world's largest, oldest, continuous civilization. Varanasi, also known as Benares, was called "the ancient city" when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C.E, and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today.

When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilization).

 Check other articles in this category or similar to this.
 Other Info : Various sources

Related External Links:
Learning from world's largest democracy
Philippines Newspaper

Vibrant Democracy
India Brand Equity Foundation

Indian President
Indian Parliament

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